Wed. Jul 17th, 2024

A new report by the Atlantic Council’s GeoEconomics Center finds the US dollar remains the world’s leading reserve currency. Their “Dollar Dominance Monitor” highlights the dollar’s continued dominance in foreign reserves, trade invoicing, and global currency transactions.

This dominance is bolstered by a strong US economy, tighter monetary policy, and recent geopolitical events.

While some countries, particularly the BRICS group (now including Iran, Egypt, Ethiopia, and UAE), are pushing for a shift away from the dollar, their efforts haven’t significantly impacted its global standing.

BRICS Seeking Alternatives, But Facing Challenges

Western sanctions on Russia spurred BRICS to develop a currency union, but progress remains slow. Their reliance on individual bilateral agreements creates scalability issues.

China’s efforts to promote the renminbi through swap lines also haven’t yielded significant results.

Concerns about China’s economy, its stance on the Ukraine war, and potential Taiwan tensions are seen as risk factors for the renminbi.

Euro Loses Ground as Alternative

The euro, once a potential competitor, is also losing traction as an alternative reserve currency. The report suggests investors seeking to diversify away from the dollar are turning to gold instead.

The euro’s vulnerability to geopolitical risks, similar to the dollar, coupled with concerns about European economic stability and lack of a unified capital market, further weaken its appeal.

In summary, the US dollar maintains its global dominance despite ongoing de-dollarization efforts. Alternative currencies like the renminbi and euro face significant challenges in displacing the dollar in the near future.

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